There were debates over the goals of existence, which mostly led to some kind of intellectual cultivation and the search for the highest good. Hellenic mythology is filled with fantastic stories that even a child would not believe. As adjectives the difference between hebrew and hellenic is that hebrew is of or pertaining to the hebrew people or language while hellenic is of or relating to the ancient greek culture and civilization before the hellenistic period. The Hellenic period saw the rising and falling of the polis while Hellenistic period was plagued by warfare among the remaining dynasties. Great to brush up on these two very different ideas. Upon the Jews' return from exile in Babylon, they endeavored to protect their national identity by following the law closely. This Historyplex article states a comparison of Hellenic and Hellenistic Greek periods to understand the same. However it was closely connected to its preceded time period. Mithraism, another monotheistic religion, also arose in the this time period, with the god Mithra having been born on December 24 and holding Sunday as a sacred day. Excellent definition. Excellent! Marble statues and sculptures depicted human illustriousness and sensuality. Greeks (Hellenic)were isolated and their civilization was termed classic because it was not heavily influenced by outside forces. Greek culture became absorbed by the Romans, beginning the "Roman Greece" period which lasted until 330 CE. It housed the tomb of Alexander the Great, the Pharos (lighthouse) of Alexandria, and the famed Library of Alexandria that aimed to serve as a melting pot of knowledge of the world. The Hellenic vs. Hellenistic Periods: The Hellenic vs. Hellenistic periods of history are designated by the date of Alexander the Great's Death, 323 BCE. During this period, sculptors pursued and perfected naturalism—an artistic interest that Greek artists had been developing over hundreds of years. We've created informative articles that you can come back to again and again when you have questions or want to learn more! Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. Shamefully, I always thought the two terms were synonyms. I look forward to more. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. For some scholars, the Hellenistic period is considered as a period of decadence or degeneration when compared to the brilliance of the Greek Classical Era. The arts of this time were supported by many wealthy patrons, who used art for show rather than pursue it for its own pleasure. Question: "Who were the Hellenistic Jews in the Bible?" 6. Through them, Greek civilization spread right across the Middle East and amalgamated with local cultures producing a hybrid civilization. The Hellenistic world, unlike its faults in many of the other arts, actually built upon the foundation laid by Hellenic scientists. Hellenistic vs Classical Art. The King of Macedonia brought extreme and … The Battle of Actium is regarded as the pivotal moment that determines the end of Ancient Greece. These cookies do not store any personal information. Your website is amazing! Divinity is an expression of the natural world, but at the divine level, the … Most of the classical Greek cities south of Thessaly and on the southern shores of the Black Sea remained independent. Athena, the patron goddess of Athens, is typically portrayed in full armor along with her auspices (a goat skin with a snaky fringe), helmet, and spear, she is also the patroness of weaving and carpentry. However, this period also witnessed the achievements of Hippocrates, who is considered the "father" of modern medicine and invented the practice of bleeding patients to release the toxins. Other significant deities were Aphrodite, the goddess of love; Dionysos, the god of wine and theater; Ares, the god of war; and the lame Hephaistos, the god of metalworking. However it … Apollo’s twin sister Artemis is the patroness of hunting, and is often portrayed with a bow and quiver. Greeks considered religion to be a necessary thing. HELLENISM, term generally used by historians to refer to the period from the death of Alexander the Great (323 B.C.E.) Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. It taught patience, duty, self-discipline, and brotherhood of all humanity. Comedies became more akin to dramas, as evidenced in the works of Menander. Answer: The Hellenistic Jews are first mentioned in the Bible in Acts 6:1: “In those days when the number of disciples was increasing, the Hellenistic Jews among them complained against the Hebraic Jews because their widows were being overlooked in the daily distribution of food.” Question: How did Greek sculpture and drama change during the Hellenistic Era? This Historyplex article states a comparison of Hellenic and Hellenistic Greek periods to understand the same. The Greek athletics were held in the nude, highlighting the beauty of the human being. The first policy being re-establishing cities across the vast Greek empire in order to civilize the natives into Greek culture. The Iliad, by Homer, is considered an important source and record of religious worship and mythological legends. Martyr was an early apologist, explaining Christianity to this new Greek flock within their own system of philosophy. Alexander’s policies no doubt resulted in the spread of Greek culture, but it also probably represented the pragmatic attitude of Alexander to command his wide new territories, in part by introducing himself as the successor to both Greek and Asian legacies, rather than a foreigner. Quick links. The dominant form of government in the Hellenistic Age was the despotism of kings who represented themselves as at least semi-divine. Up Awesome and Useful. The third policy was to place Persian soldiers in the army in Macedonian ranks to unify the army position. The Rise of the Hellenistic Style. And comedy, notably those by Aristophanes, lacked the politeness and subtlety of other genres. The Greek world eventually spread far beyond Greece itself, encompassing many settlements around the Mediterranean and Black seas and, during the Hellenistic period, reaching as far east as India. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. Sculptures from Hellenistic times looked more God-like than human. Hellenistic Christianity is notable for its combination of Greek philosophy, ethics and morality with Christian belief. The History of the Greeks: Hellenic and Hellenistic The Hellenic Age and the Hellenistic Age are the two main periods in Greek history. Alexander himself was hailed as divine in Egypt. Now the Hellenistic Period starts to end as each of these various empires get overthrown. Answer: Like most Greek art, Hellenic sculpture changed from idyllic, exuberant, and cheerful sensuality in marble statues and reliefs to more of a "commodity." The public practice of the Greek religion was made illegal by the Emperor Theodosius I in the fourth century of the current era, and this was enforced by his successors. Hellenistic age, in the eastern Mediterranean and Middle East, the period between the death of Alexander the Great in 323 bce and the conquest of Egypt by Rome in 30 bce. It was science as we know it today: systematic investigation coupled with rational inquiry, in the pursuit of the truths of the universe. ➔ Science in the Hellenistic period is also termed as the ‘First Great Age of Science’. Hellenistic religion was based on a polytheistic tradition of hundreds of Greek gods, conflicting with Christianity's adherence to belief in one God. Answer: The Hellenic period is marked by a turn from the classical Greecian city-states, which were each independent of the others, and to a more centralized government. Greek language and literature started to influence the Persian Empire. The major philosophical groups of this period include the Cynics, Epicureans, Stoics, and Skeptics. Hera, Zeus’s sister and wife, was queen of the gods; who is predominantly portrayed wearing a grandiloquent crown. Hippocrates, who is regarded the “father” of modern medicine, contrived the application of hemorrhaging patients to discharge toxic substances from the human body. Alexander the Great . Every deity had a particular cult worship and sacred place with a sacrificial alter. This study, however, is limited in scope to Ancient Greek civilization between 510 BCE and 323 BCE, a period known as "Classical Greece.". Let us now take a comparative look at Classic Greek vs. the Hellenistic Greek Periods. Works of Aristotle and Socrates are also regarded as significant benchmarks of philosophy from this golden period. There were many facets of society that were affected as a result from the Classical period leading to the Hellenistic period. The resulting democracy allowed for the flourishing of free-thinkers and writers, producing some of the most well-known achievements in art, literature, science, philosophy, and other sciences. Though Alexander was Macedonian, he was taught by and highly influenced by Classical Greek culture, so through Alexander, the rest of the Mediterranean world became Hellenic in various ways. Hellenistic studies focus on the study of the Ancient Greeks between 323 BCE and 146 BCE. Art in the Hellenic world is what we recognize as Greek art today. Without a doubt, the Hellenistic times were the beginning of a new status quo. (particularly for religion and purpose) Hellenistic philosophers sought to explain the universe like scientists would, why do we breath, why do stars move, why do we get tired. The concept of ‘Hellenization’ is widely debated and controversial. Egypt, and particularly Alexandria, came to be the center of Hellenism. Of or relating to the ancient Greek culture and civilization before the Hellenistic period. Alexander's campaigns had brought the Greeks into contact with a multitude of Asian cultures, and Alexander had sought to incorporate Greek and Macedonian cultures with the cultures he encountered - discouraging later practices of "conquer and assimilate." The mountains, which served as natural barriers in boundaries, and dictated the political characteristics of Greece, were rugged and dominated the mainland. Hellenic people were discovering philosophy and wanted to learn the truths of the universe. Hipparchus estimated the duration of the lunar month, Eratosthenes calculated the circumference of the Earth. A notable achievement is the rise in architecture of the Doric and Ionic columns. During the span of the Classical and Hellenistic periods in Ancient Greece, many changes occurred that differentiated one from the other. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. The Library at Alexandria became a focal point of learning and preservation of ancient cultural records. Tragic dramas - such as Antigone and Oedipus - were the supreme achievement of the Hellenic world, incorporated in many outdoor festivals for audiences of thousands. Dear Michael Moore, “Hellenic” comes from the name Hellas, like “English” comes from the name England, while “Hellenistic” comes from Adjective “Hellenism”, like could be “Engleshistic” derive from the Adjective “Engleshism”. In Hellenistic art, one can see that the art forms went beyond understanding human anatomy and looked at how the body moved and how it looked when in action. The term “Hellenistic” comes from the root word ‘ Hellas ‘, an ancient Greek word for Greece that was coined by German historian Johann Gustav Droysen to denote the spread of Greek culture and colonization over the non-Greek states that were captured by Alexander the Great in the 4th century BCE. The Hellenistic period was an era in Ancient Greece that lasted from 323 BCE to 31 CE. Our site includes quite a bit of content, so if you're having an issue finding what you're looking for, go on ahead and use that search feature there! If you read any ancient Greek history, you'll see references to the "Hellenic" people and the "Hellenistic" period. This shift in focus led to the creation of many "trash" works. So many believe ancient Greece to be a uniform civilization but it was multifaceted and very complex. The Hellenic period witnessed the invention of philosophy. By 31 BCE, Octavian or Augustus defeated the rulers of Egypt―Anthony and Cleopatra―in the Battle of Actium, thus bringing an end to the Hellenistic Era. It embodied exuberance, cheerful sensuality, and coarse with. Among the famous battles of the Hellenic World that were fought by consulting the Gods were the Battle of Marathon (490 BCE), the Battles of Thermopylae, Salamis (480 BCE), Plataea (479 BCE,) and The Battle of Chaeronea (338 BCE) where the forces of the Macedonian King Philip II were commanded, in part, by his son Alexander, in which the Greek forces were defeated and unified under the Greek city-states. Hellenistic art is the art of the Hellenistic period generally taken to begin with the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BC and end with the conquest of the Greek world by the Romans, a process well underway by 146 BCE, when the Greek mainland was taken, and essentially ending in 30 BCE with the conquest of Ptolemaic Egypt following the Battle of Actium. ➔ Religion in the Hellenic period was centered around rituals, sacrifices, oracles, magic, and philosophy. Hellenistic art was focused more on perfection of the human form, precision and detail. The Seleucid Empire, in the third century BCE, it gets more and more overtaken by the Parthian Empire. Cynicism was founded by Antisthenes (c 444 – 366 BCE), who was a student of Socrates. Hellenic people were discovering philosophy and wanted to learn the truths of the universe. i love this website keep up the good work. The architecture of this period also reflected the inherent materialism of art, emphasizing grandeur and luxuriance. Hellenism was a synthesis of Greek (Hellenic) culture with the native cultures of the Near East. For more information on the history of Ancient Greece, Buzzbee has created an excellent hub. Marble statues and reliefs depicted human greatness and sensuality. Theocritus pastorals created fictitious worlds, prose became overshadowed by the works of historians, biographers, and authors. ➔ The Hellenic period is also known as the ‘Age of Classical Greece’ or the ‘Golden Age of Greece’, and it extended from the Greek mainland, Crete, the islands of the Greek archipelago, to the coast of Asia Minor primarily. Hellenistic religion - Hellenistic religion - Beliefs, practices, and institutions: The archaic religions of the Mediterranean world were primarily religions of etiquette. We hope you enjoy this website. This physical glorification is one example of the Hellenistic view of nature as supreme. Western architecture - Western architecture - Hellenistic period: The successors to Alexander’s empire split the new Greek world, which now ran to the borders of India in the east and the Sudan in the south, into separate kingdoms. In astronomy, Aristarchus purported a heliocentric solar system. See more. 1 There are essential differences between the Hellenic (classical) and the Hellenistic … Lecture 9 From Polis to Cosmopolis: Alexander the Great and the Hellenistic World, 323-30 B.C. Question: "What is Hellenism, and how did it influence the early church?" Tiffany (author) from USA on April 10, 2014: Charles, this article is meant merely to focus on the traditional Greek boundaries ONLY, and on aspects other than the traditional "social-economical-political" discussion. Mystery cults also permeated the period, stressing ecstatic mystical union and otherworldly salvation. The concept of 'Hellenization' is widely debated and controversial. The amalgamation of other cultures into pure Greek culture took place with the conquests of Alexander the Great. Unlike the Hellenic period, very few individual philosophers existed independent of these schools of thought. Hellenic refers to the people who lived in classical Greece before the conquests of Philip. The Hellenistic period witnessed some major developments in religion. Hellenistic Culture The influence of Greek language, philosophy and culture on Jews and early Christians. Major city-states and consecrated places of pilgrimage in the Hellenic period were Argos, Athens, Eleusis, Corinth, Delphi, Ithaca, Olympia, Sparta, Thebes, Thrace, and Mount Olympus. Shawn Lifer. ➔ The Hellenistic period began in 323 BCE, with the death of Alexander the Great. Date of 323 BCE to 31 CE to town apollo, who established royal dynasties over the separate kingdoms and. Poetry thrived in its widest sense many of the most notable works of Menander benchmarks of philosophy from golden. To drama, and sheep many scientists used philosophy rather than commenting on his own ; 15. The classic art, terms, and the Hellenistic period witnessed philosophers who focused on reason than... Hill Pkwy, Suite 211 Irvine CA 92603 have an effect on your website its preservation ancient... 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