Athena appears in Homer’s Odyssey as the tutelary deity of Odysseus, and myths from later sources portray her similarly as helper of Perseus and Heracles (Hercules). Advertisement in Biblionet. The Athens Municipality forms the core and center of Greater Athens, which in its turn consists of the Athens Municipality and 34 more municipalities, divided in four regional units (Central, North, South and West Athens), accounting for 2,641,511 people (in 2011)[2] within an area of 361 km2 (139 sq mi). However the numbers would include all of Athenian territory which consisted almost entirely of modern Attica region expect the territory of the city-state of Megaris and the island section. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, This article was most recently revised and updated by,, Roman and Greek Gods - Facts about Athena, National and Kapodestrian University of Athens - Faculty of History and Archaeology - Athena’s Peplos: Weaving as a Core Female Activity in Ancient and Modern Greece, Athena - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Athena - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). A visitor will quickly notice the absence of tall buildings: Athens has very strict height restriction laws in order to ensure the Acropolis hill is visible throughout the city. Written by. In 2000 the Organising Committee's president was replaced by Gianna Angelopoulos-Daskalaki, who was the president of the original Bidding Committee in 1997. "Indications of the Urban Heat Island in Athens, Greece". [132] The network runs from Syntagma Square to the southwestern suburb of Palaio Faliro, where the line splits in two branches; the first runs along the Athens coastline toward the southern suburb of Voula, while the other heads toward Neo Faliro. Athens Polytechnic uprising,[146] against the military junta that ruled the nation from 21 April 1967 until 23 July 1974. Enter your e-mail for NewsLetter :: Collaboration B2B. The meteorology of Athens is deemed to be one of the most complex in the world because its mountains cause a temperature inversion phenomenon which, along with the Greek Government's difficulties controlling industrial pollution, was responsible for the air pollution problems the city has faced. The University of West Attica is the second largest university in Athens. A significant landmark is also the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in Syntagma. Four mountain ranges extend into city boundaries and thousands of kilometres of trails criss-cross the city and neighbouring areas, providing exercise and wilderness access on foot and bike. This idea later lost support from the IOC and these games were discontinued. It has a large financial sector, and its port Piraeus is both the largest passenger port in Europe,[12][13] and the second largest in the world.[14]. Most of the functions of NKUA have been transferred to a campus in the eastern suburb of Zografou. Poems, photographs and texts of renowned Greek poet Odysseas Elytis will find a permanent home on the corner of Dioskourou and Polygnotou streets in Athens’ central district of Plaka.. [42] It also ranks as a very safe city (39th globally out of 162 cities overall) on the ranking of the safest and most dangerous countries. The playwrights Aeschylus, Sophocles and Euripides flourished in Athens during this time, as did the historians Herodotus and Thucydides, the physician Hippocrates, and the philosopher Socrates. Two main motorways of Greece begin in Athens, namely the A1/E75, heading north towards Greece's second largest city, Thessaloniki; and the border crossing of Evzones and the A8/E94 heading west, towards Greece's third largest city, Patras, which incorporated the GR-8A. There are also several other private colleges, as they called formally in Greece, as the establishment of private universities is prohibited by the constitution. It is also a major national hub for Intercity (Ktel) and international buses as well as for domestic and international rail transport. Athens hosts 17 Foreign Archaeological Institutes which promote and facilitate research by scholars from their home countries. Search. Neoclassicism, the international style of this epoch, was the architectural style through which Bavarian, French and Greek architects such as Hansen, Klenze, Boulanger or Kaftantzoglou designed the first important public buildings of the new capital. Mount Parnitha is the tallest of the four mountains (1,413 m (4,636 ft)),[37] and has been declared a national park. Sparta’s view toward their women was more liberal than that of Athens. They settled in poor neighborhoods and brought with them Rebetiko music, making it popular also in Greece, which became later the base for the Laïko music. By the late 1970s, the pollution of Athens had become so destructive that according to the then Greek Minister of Culture, Constantine Trypanis, "...the carved details on the five the caryatids of the Erechtheum had seriously degenerated, while the face of the horseman on the Parthenon's west side was all but obliterated. The 1906 Summer Olympics, or the 1906 Intercalated games, were held in Athens. In 2018, the airport handled 24,135,736 passengers, a huge increase over the last 4 years. …was moralized; the goddess Pallas Athene, for example, who in physical allegory stood for the ether, in moral allegory was taken to represent reflective wisdom because she was born out of the forehead of her father, Zeus. [31][32] By 1400 BC the settlement had become an important centre of the Mycenaean civilization and the Acropolis was the site of a major Mycenaean fortress, whose remains can be recognised from sections of the characteristic Cyclopean walls. Omissions? 108–112. The network covers the majority of the Athens coastline. [135] The airport, awarded the "European Airport of the Year 2004" Award,[136] is intended as an expandable hub for air travel in southeastern Europe and was constructed in 51 months, costing 2.2 billion euros. "Homepage – The Company – Attiko Metro S.A." Attiko Metro S.A. Archived from the original on 3 December 2010. This legacy would continue as, later, Plato would found his Academy outside the walls of Athens in 385 BCE and, later, Aristotle 's Lyceum would be founded in the city center. After the establishment of the modern Greek state, and partly due to the conservatism of the written language, Ἀθῆναι [aˈθine] again became the official name of the city and remained so until the abandonment of Katharevousa in the 1970s, when Ἀθήνα, Athína, became the official name. In 500 BC the area probably contained 200,000 people. The Athens Metro is operated by STASY S.A (Greek: ΣΤΑΣΥ) (Statheres Sygkoinonies S.A) which is a subsidiary company of OASA (Athens urban transport organisation) and provides public transport throughout the Athens Urban Area. While its main purpose is transport, it also houses Greek artifacts found during construction of the system. The Pontic Greek spoken in Pontus and Caucasus Greeks in South Caucasus region has some 500,000 people speaking the language. Today it is often simply called η πρωτεύουσα ī protévousa 'the capital'. However, they rarely use it in written forms though it differs less from the Standard Greek. Athena was probably a pre-Hellenic goddess and was later taken over by the Greeks. (el) (Petralona), football club founded in 1963, with earlier presence in Beta Ethniki, Attikos F.C. Cafe in Monastiraki & Psyrri. The Cephissus river, the Ilisos and the Eridanos stream are the historical rivers of Athens. Athena’s moral and military superiority to Ares derives in part from the fact that she represents the intellectual and civilized side of war and the virtues of justice and skill, whereas Ares represents mere blood lust. Mycenean Athens in 1600–1100 BC could have reached the size of Tiryns; that would put the population at the range of 10,000–15,000. More than 240,000 people voted. Tondo of the Aison Cup, showing the victory of Theseus over the Minotaur in the presence of Athena. In 1458 it was conquered by the Ottoman Empire and entered a long period of decline. After 1930, wavering among American and European musical influences as well as the Greek musical tradition. Areas to Avoid and Other Warnings", "Worldwide Quality of Living ranking 2019", "Founda D. (2011). 30 sept. 2018 - Comment visiter Athènes en 3 jours ? In 700 BC the population grew to 10,000. The games welcomed over 10,000 athletes from all 202 countries. In this area, on November 17, 1973, more than 13 students were killed and hundreds injured during the Polytechnic Uprising against the military junta, which ruled the country from April 21, 1967 to July 23, 1974. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The zoo is home to around 2000 animals representing 400 species, and is open 365 days a year. Athens is one of the major economic centres in south-eastern Europe and is considered as a regional economic power in Europe generally. In the Iliad, Athena is the divine form of the heroic, martial ideal: she personifies excellence in close combat, victory, and glory. That she ultimately became allegorized to personify wisdom and righteousness was a natural development of her patronage of skill. There is so much to see and do in Athens, Greece! The Yevanic Greek also … It is the largest container port in East Mediterranean Sea Basin. In the list with the strongest economic metropoles of the world Athens was ranked that year 102nd, while the GDP per capita for the same year was 32,000 US-dollars.[118]. Helen Iatrou. Her emergence there as city goddess, Athena Polias (“Athena, Guardian of the City”), accompanied the ancient city-state’s transition from monarchy to democracy. Along with national institutions, such as the Athens University and the Archaeological Society, there are multiple archaeological Museums including the National Archaeological Museum, the Cycladic Museum, the Epigraphic Museum, the Byzantine & Christian Museum, as well as museums at the ancient Agora, Acropolis, Kerameikos, and the Kerameikos Archaeological Museum. The first King of Greece, Otto of Bavaria, commissioned the architects Stamatios Kleanthis and Eduard Schaubert to design a modern city plan fit for the capital of a state. The qualities that lead to victory are found on the aegis, or breastplate, that Athena wears when she goes to war: fear, strife, defense, and assault. The Roman emperor Hadrian, in the 2nd century AD, ordered the construction of a library, a gymnasium, an aqueduct which is still in use, several temples and sanctuaries, a bridge and financed the completion of the Temple of Olympian Zeus. [5] Athens has been continuously inhabited for at least 5,000 years. [129] The spring 2007 extension from Monastiraki westwards to Egaleo connected some of the main night life hubs of the city, namely those of Gazi (Kerameikos station) with Psirri (Monastiraki station) and the City Centre (Syntagma station). In the whole of Athenian territory they existed many towns. The atmosphere of such a competition is described in full detail in the Iliad, the oldest literary work written in the Greek alphabetic script. At the time, it was reduced to a town of about 4,000 people in a loose swarm of houses along the foot of the Acropolis. International Conference "Passive and Low Energy Cooling for the Built Environment", May 2005, Santorini, Greece, pp. Furthermore, some coastal areas of Athens, known as the Athens Riviera have a hot semi-arid climate (BSh) according to the climate atlas published by the Hellenic National Meteorological Service (H.N.M.S).[47]. (1985). Que faire à Athènes ? The basin is bounded by four large mountains: Mount Aigaleo to the west, Mount Parnitha to the north, Mount Pentelicus to the northeast and Mount Hymettus to the east. Athens and Piraeus municipalities serve as the two metropolitan centres of the Athens Metropolitan Area. Many of the southern suburbs (such as Alimos, Palaio Faliro, Elliniko, Glyfada, Voula, Vouliagmeni and Varkiza) known as the Athens Riviera, host a number of sandy beaches, most of which are operated by the Greek National Tourism Organisation and require an entrance fee. Parnitha National Park is punctuated by well-marked paths, gorges, springs, torrents and caves dotting the protected area. As an example, Ioannina receives around 1,300 mm (51 in) per year, and Agrinio around 800 mm (31 in) per year. The Athens Urban Area is considered to form the city of Athens as a whole, despite its administrative divisions, which is the largest in Greece and one of the most populated urban areas in Europe. The Athens Metropolitan Area, with an area of 2,928.717 km2 (1,131 sq mi) and inhabited by 3,753,783 people in 2011,[2] consists of the Athens Urban Area with the addition of the towns and villages of East and West Attica, which surround the dense urban area of the Greek capital. Guided by Pericles, who promoted the arts and fostered democracy, Athens embarked on an ambitious building program that saw the construction of the Acropolis of Athens (including the Parthenon), as well as empire-building via the Delian League. Athens has been a destination for travellers since antiquity. It is to be found between the Parliament and Zappeion buildings, the latter of which maintains its own garden of seven hectares. Landmarks of the modern era, dating back to the establishment of Athens as the capital of the independent Greek state in 1834, include the Hellenic Parliament and the so-called "architectural trilogy of Athens", consisting of the National Library of Greece, the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens and the Academy of Athens. : καντάδα) and the songs performed on stage (επιθεωρησιακά τραγούδια 'theatrical revue songs') in revues, musical comedies, operettas and nocturnes that were dominating Athens' theatre scene. As a war goddess Athena could not be dominated by other goddesses, such as Aphrodite, and as a palace goddess she could not be violated. The city is also home to the Demokritos laboratory for Archaeometry, alongside regional and national archaeological authorities that form part of the Greek Department of Culture. As a result, Athens has more than a dozen archaeological libraries and three specialized archaeological laboratories, and is the venue of several hundred specialized lectures, conferences and seminars, as well as dozens of archaeological exhibitions, each year. She was essentially urban and civilized, the antithesis in many respects of Artemis, goddess of the outdoors. [46] With an average of 455 millimetres (17.9 in) of yearly precipitation, rainfall occurs largely between the months of October and April. [16] Until 2010, these four regional units made up the abolished Athens Prefecture. [10] In modern times, Athens is a large cosmopolitan metropolis and central to economic, financial, industrial, maritime, political and cultural life in Greece. The Temple of Olympian Zeus with river Ilisos by Edward Dodwell, 1821. In late June 2007,[39] the Attica region experienced a number of brush fires,[39] including a blaze that burned a significant portion of a large forested national park in Mount Parnitha,[40] considered critical to maintaining a better air quality in Athens all year round. The Athens Mass Transit System consists of a large bus fleet, a trolleybus fleet that mainly serves Athens's city center, the city's Metro, a Proastiakos service[122] and a tram network, connecting the southern suburbs to the City Centre. However, Athens, like many other Bronze Age settlements, went into economic decline for around 150 years afterwards. [41] The crisis eased by mid-January when authorities began taking the garbage to a temporary landfill. Athens is home to three European multi-sport clubs: Olympiacos, Panathinaikos, AEK Athens. The Iliad and the Odyssey are long poems that tell exciting stories about warfare, travel and the Greek gods. [41], Athens ranks in the lowest percentage for the risk on frequency and severity of terrorist attacks according to the EU Global Terrorism Database (EIU 2007–2016 calculations). The new stations will be Maniatika, Piraeus and Dimotiko Theatro. The line 2 (Red Line) runs from Anthoupoli station to Elliniko station and covers a distance of 17.5 km (10.9 mi). Athens is affected by the urban heat island effect in some areas which is caused by human activity,[52][53] altering its temperatures compared to the surrounding rural areas,[54][55][56][57] and leaving detrimental effects on energy usage, expenditure for cooling,[58][59] and health. euro (€) Greek. The city also retains Roman and Byzantine monuments, as well as a smaller number of Ottoman monuments, while its historical urban core features elements of continuity through its millennia of history. [159], This article is about a city in Greece. The hotel was designed by acclaimed artist Dakis Joannou and designer Karim Rashid. The line 3 (Blue Line) runs from Nikaia station, through the central Monastiraki and Syntagma stations to Doukissis Plakentias avenue in the northeastern suburb of Halandri. 16–28. As a whole the economy of Athens and Greece has been severely hit with today's data showing a change from long recession to growth of 1.4% in 2017. 'E mykenaïke akropolis ton Athenon'. For the Athenians, all the urban municipalities surrounding the City Centre are called suburbs. The Embassy of France in Vasilissis Sofias Avenue. Athens. it combines absolute luxury and impeccable Greek hospitality with a bold, vibrant decor. [157] The Stavros Niarchos Foundation Cultural Center, inaugurated in 2016, will house the National Library of Greece and the Greek National Opera.[158]. The line 1 (Green Line) serves 24 stations, and is the oldest line of the Athens metro network. "[38] A series of measures taken by the authorities of the city throughout the 1990s resulted in the improvement of air quality; the appearance of smog (or nefos as the Athenians used to call it) has become less common. 08/01/2021: 51.227 internships and jobs in 123 countries | Personalised work abroad recommendations for students and graduates | Jobs and Internships in Athens, Greece | Sign-up free. Extensions are under construction to the west southwest suburbs of Athens, as far as the port of Piraeus. They are often to be found in the same areas, as Athens is not marked by a uniformity of architectural style. The completed extension will be ready in 2022, connecting the biggest port of Greece, Piraeus Port, with the biggest airport of Greece the Athens International Airport. Share Pin Email Long renowned for its ancient treasures crowned by the Parthenon, Athens has more recently evolved into a hip European metropolis with a thriving contemporary art scene, bustling open-air cafes, live music venues, and slick hole-in-the-wall wine and cocktail bars. "On the impact of urban climate on the energy consumption of buildings". Athens dominates the Attica region and is one of the world's oldest cities, with its recorded history spanning over 3,400 years[citation needed] and its earliest human presence started somewhere between the 11th and 7th millennium BC.[5]. Orea Hellas. Athena, also spelled Athene, in Greek religion, the city protectress, goddess of war, handicraft, and practical reason, identified by the Romans with Minerva. It is also the busiest passenger port in Europe and one of the largest passenger ports in the world. The Saronic Gulf lies to the southwest. All the activities of UNIWA are carried out in the modern infrastructure of the three University Campuses within the metropolitan region of Athens (Egaleo Park, Ancient Olive Groove and Athens), which offer modern teaching and research spaces, entertainment and support facilities for all students. Journal of Applied Meteorology, vol. Beyond Athens and across the prefecture of Attica, outdoor activities include skiing, rock climbing, hang gliding and windsurfing. See these phrases in any combination of two languages in the Phrase Finder. There are transfer connections with the Blue Line 3 at Monastiraki station and with the Red Line 2 at Omonia and Attiki stations. The National Technical University of Athens is located on Patision Street. Plan your trip to Athens; attractions; experiences; lodging; stories; guidebook; Drinking and nightlife. These clubs also have basketball teams; Panathinaikos and Olympiacos are among the top powers in European basketball, having won the Euroleague six times and three respectively, whilst AEK Athens was the first Greek team to win a European trophy in any team sport. Also to be found is the Pedion tou Areos (Field of Mars) of 27.7 hectares, near the National Archaeological Museum. Updated 12/18/19. However, this did not prevent Athens from being captured and sacked twice by the Persians within one year, after a heroic but ultimately failed resistance at Thermopylae by Spartans and other Greeks led by King Leonidas,[35] after both Boeotia and Attica fell to the Persians. The regional units of Central Athens, North Athens, South Athens, West Athens and Piraeus with part of East[80] and West Attica[81] regional units combined make up the continuous Athens Urban Area,[81][82][83] also called the "Urban Area of the Capital" or simply "Athens" (the most common use of the term), spanning over 412 km2 (159 sq mi),[84] with a population of 3,090,508 people as of 2011. Her superiority also derives in part from the vastly greater variety and importance of her functions and from the patriotism of Homer’s predecessors, Ares being of foreign origin. Variant names included Setines, Satine, and Astines, all derivations involving false splitting of prepositional phrases. The Greek Government, aided by the EU, has funded major infrastructure projects such as the state-of-the-art Eleftherios Venizelos International Airport,[151] the expansion of the Athens Metro system,[74] and the new Attiki Odos Motorway.[74]. Another important Athenian sport club is the Athens Tennis Club founded in 1895 with important offer for the Greek tennis.[162]. Athens sprawls across the central plain of Attica that is often referred to as the Athens Basin or the Attica Basin (Greek: Λεκανοπέδιο Αθηνών/Αττικής). Athens (/ˈæθɪnz/ ATH-inz;[4] Greek: Αθήνα, romanized: Athína [aˈθina] (listen); Ancient Greek: Ἀθῆναι, romanized: Athênai (pl.) The airport is served by the Metro, the suburban rail, buses to Piraeus port, Athens' City Centre, Liosion and Kifisos Intercity bus stations and Elliniko metro's line 2 southern terminal, and also taxis. Athens expanded its settlement in the second half of the Middle Byzantine Period, in the 9th to 10th centuries AD, and was relatively prosperous during the Crusades, benefiting from Italian trade. 24, Issue 12, pp.1296–1302. Κωνσταντίνος Μαυρογιάννης, Αθήναι (1981). Iakovides, S. 1962. Lycabettus is one of the tallest hills of the city proper and provides a view of the entire Attica Basin. The Athens case". The densely built up urban area of the Greek capital sprawls across 412 km2 (159 sq mi)[16] throughout the Attica Basin and has a total population of 3,074,160 (in 2011). [89][90][91][92][93][94][95][96][97] This figure is highly suspect because of the lopsided number of slaves and does not include free women and children and resident foreigners: an estimated based on Thucydides is: 40,000 male citizens, 100,000 family members, 70,000 metics (resident foreigners) and 150,000-400,000 slaves. 2012 - Cette épingle a été découverte par Ελευθερία. Public transport is serviced by a variety of transportation means, forming the largest mass transit system of Greece. Its main section extends from the western industrial suburb of Elefsina to Athens International Airport; while two beltways, namely the Aigaleo Beltway (A65) and the Hymettus Beltway (A64) serve parts of western and eastern Athens respectively. Iron Age burials, in the Kerameikos and other locations, are often richly provided for and demonstrate that from 900 BC onwards Athens was one of the leading centres of trade and prosperity in the region. Despite the variety in styles, there is evidence of continuity in elements of the architectural environment through the city's history.[19]. [54][65], Athens holds the World Meteorological Organization record for the highest temperature ever recorded in Europe, at 48 °C (118.4 °F), which was recorded in the Elefsina and Tatoi suburbs of Athens on 10 July 1977.[66]. Other notable clubs within Athens are Athinaikos, Panionios, Atromitos, Apollon, Panellinios, Ethnikos Piraeus, Maroussi BCE and Peristeri B.C.. Athenian clubs have also had domestic and international success in other sports. Best Greek Restaurants in Athens, Attica: Find Tripadvisor traveler reviews of Athens Greek restaurants and search by price, location, and more. The Greek Tourism Ministry recently announced guidelines for visitors that are arriving, leaving or already staying in Greece during the national lockdown.. Greece has been in lockdown since November 7, to curb the spread of the coronavirus (Covid-19) in the country, and movement is restricted with exceptions.According to the latest updates, the lockdown is expected to end on January 7, 2021. The 2004 Olympic Games were described as Unforgettable, dream Games, by IOC President Jacques Rogge for their return to the birthplace of the Olympics, and for meeting the challenges of holding the Olympic Games. Athens was voted as the third best European city to visit in 2015 by European Best Destination. Other universities that lie within Athens are the Athens University of Economics and Business, the Panteion University, the Agricultural University of Athens and the University of Piraeus. The length of Athens's commuter rail network extends to 120 km (75 mi),[131] and is expected to stretch to 281 km (175 mi) by 2010. Athena, also spelled Athene, in Greek religion, the city protectress, goddess of war, handicraft, and practical reason, identified by the Romans with Minerva. Casinos operate on both Mount Parnitha, some 25 km (16 mi)[78] from downtown Athens (accessible by car or cable car), and the nearby town of Loutraki (accessible by car via the Athens – Corinth National Highway, or the suburban rail service Proastiakos). In 2014, the airport handled 15,196,369 passengers, an increase of 21.2% over the previous year of 2013. All over the city can be found several statues or busts. The playwrights typically also composed the music, choreographed the dances and directed the actors. For example, Kifissia and Glyfada serve as inter-municipal centres for northern and southern suburbs respectively. (2001). Outside Crete, Athens, and the Ottoman-era Cretan Greek Muslims also speak the dialect. Quand partir ? Athena was probably a pre-Hellenic goddess and was later taken over by the Greeks. Originally intended as an association of Greek city-states to continue the fight against the Persians, the league soon turned into a vehicle for Athens's own imperial ambitions. The National Garden of Athens was completed in 1840 and is a green refuge of 15.5 hectares in the centre of the Greek capital. Greece; Athens. [22] In antiquity, it was debated whether Athens took its name from its patron goddess Athena (Attic Ἀθηνᾶ, Athēnâ, Ionic Ἀθήνη, Athḗnē, and Doric Ἀθάνα, Athā́nā) or Athena took her name from the city. The term Athens can refer either to the Municipality of Athens, to Greater Athens, or to the entire Athens Urban Area. 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Time, hundreds of international scholars and researchers in all four mountains are popular outdoor activities skiing... ] King Alphonse X of Castile gives the pseudo-etymology 'the one without death/ignorance.. ; Sights ; Restaurants ; entertainment ; nightlife ; Shopping ; events ; Information ; transportation ; O mi and., Climatology and Atmospheric Physics, Patras, Greece, pp 24 stations, the... Were held in Athens, Greece, 25–28 May 2010, these four regional units made up the regional of. Busiest passenger port in Europe and is a Green refuge of 15.5 hectares in the city centred. Mid-January when authorities began taking the garbage to a campus in the singular Ἀθήνα. Number of private companies uniformity of architectural style other municipalities make up what referred! Can be found is the Attica region increase of 21.2 % over the previous of. Maintains its own Garden of Athens, as far as the Greek Dark Ages population... Suburbs and villages in Attica, which is the best entertainment in Athens in recent times épingle! Attendance of some early events ; entertainment ; nightlife ; Shopping ; events ; Information ; transportation ;.... She was essentially urban and civilized, the Ilisos and the Eridanos stream are the historical population of and! Righteousness was a natural development of her patronage of skill Minotaur in the last round of,! Other sports such as athletics, volleyball, water polo etc., have transferred. Greek tragedy developed specifically in the same areas, as Athens is home to around 2000 animals 400... It employs a staff of 14,000. [ 159 ], Athens plays host to sports events international!: A6 ) scores. [ 104 ] activities include skiing, rock climbing, hang gliding windsurfing. ) because they used to wear pins of Golden cicadas Greek gods name of the functions of NKUA have hosted. `` Homepage – the Company – Attiko Metro S.A. '' Attiko Metro S.A. '' Attiko S.A.! Some 500,000 people speaking the language styles ranging from Greco-Roman and Neoclassical to modern times is... January 2007, Athens is also the busiest passenger port in Greece written and performed solely by men including! The garbage to a large number of private companies unusual suggestion known by its rival.... Line connects the western suburbs of Athens is the major commercial port of Piraeus, the bid... Learn more about the Peloponnesian War ( 431–404 BC ), football club in!

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