For it is only the working class that is most far-sighted, most selfless and most thoroughly revolutionary. As for the vacillating middle bourgeoisie, their right wing may become our enemy and their left wing may become our friend – but we must be constantly on our guard and not let them create confusion within our ranks. We Communists ought to face the world and brave the storm the great world of mass struggle and the mighty storm of mass struggle. “The United Front in Cultural Work” (October 30, 1944). – Mao Zedong, Our stand is that of the proletariat and of the masses. Questions of right and wrong in the arts and sciences should be settled through free discussion in artistic and scientific circles and through practical work in these fields. I, p. 304. II, p. 292. “On Protracted War” (May 1938), Selected Works, Vol. All views that overestimate the strength of the enemy and underestimate the strength of the people are wrong. The Chinese Communist Party faithfully adheres to this Marxist-Leninist principle. – Mao Zedong, Every comrade must be brought to understand that the supreme test of the words and deeds of a Communist is whether they conform with the highest interests and enjoy the support of the overwhelming majority of the people. What is required is definitely the reverse – honesty and modesty. “Speech at the Assembly of Representatives of the Shensi-Kansu-Ningsia Border Region” (November 21, 1941). On the Correct Handling of Contradictions Among the People, (February 27, 1957), p. 3. Sharpe, 1996) Alexander Cook (ed. II. Our present task is to strengthen the people’s state apparatus – mainly the people’s army, the people’s police and the people’s courts – in order to consolidate national defense and protect the people’s interests.” – Mao Zedong, After the countrywide victory of the Chinese revolution and the solution of the land problem, two basic contradictions will still exist in China. The nature of a thing is determined mainly by the principal aspect of a contradiction, the aspect that has gained the dominant position. “Talks at the Yenan Forum on Literature and Art” (May 1942), Selected Works, Vol. People like me want to satisfy our hearts to the full, and in doing so we automatically have the most valuable moral codes. The leading force in our revolution is the industrial proletariat. II, pp. 165-66. We will have not only a powerful army but also a powerful air force and a powerful navy. This is especially so in the era of socialism. – Mao Zedong, There is in fact no such thing as art for art’s sake, art that stands above classes, art that is detached from or independent of politics. II, pp. – Mao Zedong, Not to have a correct political point of view is like having no soul. – Mao Zedong, Long distance running is particularly good training in perseverance. This unity of democracy and centralism, of freedom and discipline, constitutes our democratic centralism. – Mao Zedong, Our enemies are all those in league with imperialism – the warlords, the bureaucrats, the comprador class, the big Landlord class and the reactionary section of the intelligentsia attached to them. This article is more than 4 years old . While we recognize that in the general development of history the material determines the mental and social being determines social consciousness, we also - and indeed must - recognize the reaction of mental on material things, of social consciousness on social being and of the superstructure on the economic base. I, p. 336. IV, p. 378. Often, correct knowledge can be arrived at only after many repetitions of the process leading from matter to consciousness and then back to matter, that is, leading from practice to knowledge and then back to practice. II, p. 150. – Mao Zedong, The weeds of socialism are better than the crops of capitalism. “The Role of the Chinese Communist Party in the National War” (October 1938), Selected Works, Vol. IV, p. 301. He was a principal Chinese Marxist theorist, soldier, and statesman. “We Must Learn to Do Economic Work” (January 10, 1945). – Mao Zedong, Our national defense will be consolidated, and no imperialist will be allowed to invade our territory again. Every word, every act and every policy must conform to the people's interests, and if mistakes occur, they must be corrected - that is what being responsible to the people means. “Build Stable Base Areas in the Northeast” (December 28, 1945). The masses are the real heroes, while we ourselves are often childish and ignorant, and without this understanding, it is impossible to acquire even the most rudimentary knowledge. Cultural Revolution quotes - The Cultural Revolution, formally the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, was a sociopolitical movement in China from 1966 until 1976. III, p. 227. Everything reactionary is the same; if you do not hit it, it will not fall. The way to oppose a war of this kind is to do everything possible to prevent it before it breaks out and, once it breaks out, to oppose war with war, to oppose unjust war with just war, whenever possible. A revolution is an insurrection, an act of violence by which one class overthrows another. – Mao Zedong, I have witnessed the tremendous energy of the masses. – Mao Zedong, After the enemies with guns have been wiped out, there will still be enemies without guns; they are bound to struggle desperately against us, and we must never regard these enemies lightly. 299-300. It was the class struggles of the peasants, the peasant uprisings and peasant wars that constituted the real motive force of historical development in Chinese feudal society. The Period of the War of Resistance Against Japan 1937-1941. Every Communist must grasp the truth; “Political power grows out of the barrel of a gun.” “Problems of War and Strategy” (November 6, 1938), Selected Works, Vol. “On Contradiction,” (August 1937), Selected Works, Vol. The Cultural Revolution became a sweeping social and political movement, underpinned by one of the strongest personality cults in history. 330-31. The sole purpose of this army is to stand firmly with the Chinese people and to serve them whole-heartedly. IV, p. 361. Yet so-called “Wokeness” has the characteristics of a religion bent on the extirpation of heretics, as Joseph Bottum, Jamil Jivani, and Michael Vlahos, have observed. We are advocates of the abolition of war, we do not want war; but war can only be abolished through war, and in order to get rid of the gun it is necessary to take up the gun. Cadres are a decisive factor, once the political line is determined. During the Cultural Revolution, Mao encouraged educated youths to go to rural areas to be "re-educated" by peasants. The result is that they lack a common language. I, p. 170. III, p. 70. II, p. 54. “On the Chungking Negotiations” (October 17, 1945), Selected Works, Vol. – Mao Zedong. “On Coalition Government” (April 24, 1945), Selected Works, Vol. IV, p. 243. II, p. 198. At most, people die… Half the population wiped out – this happened quite a few times in Chinese history… It’s best if half the population is left, next best one-third. “On the People's Democratic Dictatorship” (June 30, 1949). – Mao Zedong, We Communists are like seeds and the people are like the soil. 66-67. Revolutionary culture is a powerful revolutionary weapon for the broad masses of the people. “Speech at a Conference of Cadres in the Shansi-Suiyuan Liberated Area” (April 1, 1948), Selected Works, Vol. I, p. 333. Conceived of as a "revolution to touch people’s souls," the aim of the Cultural Revolution was to attack the Four Olds-- old ideas, old culture, old customs, and old habits--in order to bring the areas of education, art and literature in line with Communist ideology. II. We should encourage comrades to take the interests of the whole into account. III, pp. Even today, signs of the Revolution are not hard to find: smashed and vandalized historic buildings, giant slogans praising Mao dotting the countryside, etc. The intellectuals can overcome their shortcomings only in mass struggles over a long period. The Cultural Revolution. In accordance with the concrete development of things, some contradictions, which were originally non-antagonistic, develop into antagonistic ones, while others which were originally antagonistic develop into non-antagonistic ones. This internal contradiction exists in every single thing, hence its motion and development. “The Chinese Revolution and the Chinese Communist Party” (December 1939), Selected Works, Vol. “Build Stable Base Areas in the Northeast” (December 28, 1945), Selected Works, Vol. Mao's Role in the Cultural Revolution The Cultural Revolution was certainly one of the most complex political events in the entire history of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP). “Talks at the Yenan Forum on Literature and Art” (May 1942), Selected Works, Vol. A bridge will fly over this moat dug by heaven and be a road from north to south. With these two kinds of armies, and with a fighting army skilled in these two tasks and in mass work, we can overcome our difficulties and defeat Japanese imperialism. All genuine knowledge originates in direct experience. The reason is that they are divorced from the people. III, p. 103. Mao initiated the Cultural Revolution to assert control over the Communist Party, attacking elitism by targeting intellectuals, scholars, cultural figures, and those accused of clinging to traditional ways. In the decade between 1966 and 1976, China was in the throes of a passionate cultural … Communists must be ready at all times to stand up for the truth, because truth is in the interests of the people; Communists must be ready at all times to correct their mistakes, because mistakes are against the interests of the people. – Mao Zedong, Our principle is that the Party commands the gun, and the gun must never be allowed to command the Party. IV, p. 380. War is the highest form of struggle for resolving contradictions, when they have developed to a certain stage, between classes, nations, states, or political groups, and it has existed ever since the emergence of private property and of classes. – Mao Zedong, There is a serious tendency toward capitalism among the well-to-do peasants. The leaders must therefore be skilled in uniting the small number of active elements around the leadership and must rely on them to raise the level of the intermediate elements and to win over the backward elements. We must thoroughly clear away all ideas among our cadres of winning easy victories through good luck, without hard and bitter struggle, without sweat and blood. “Carry the Revolution Through to the End” (December 30, 1948). Be resolute, fear no sacrifice and surmount every difficulty to win victory. HONG KONG, Jan. 1—Two new poems by Chairman Mao Tsetung, accompanied by a New Year's Day editorial defending the results of the Cultural Revolution, were published in … For members of the Communist Party, this means keeping to the stand of the Party, keeping to Party spirit and Party policy. – Mao Zedong, It’s always darkest before it becomes totally black. By 1967, Mao was forced to reel in the red guards due to the carnage they were unleashing upon the country. 49-50. II, p. 202. I p. 314. This is what thinking in terms of the majority means. This law operates universally, whether in the natural world, in human society, or in man's thinking. “Serve the People” (September 8, 1944), Selected Works, Vol. – Mao Zedong, Let a hundred flowers bloom, let a hundred schools of thought contend. A revolution is not a dinner party, or writing an essay, or painting a picture, or doing embroidery; it cannot be so refined, so leisurely and gentle, so temperate, kind, courteous, restrained and magnanimous. “A Circular on the Situation” (March 20, 1948). IV, p. 19. 174-75. Within these limitations, however, they can and must play a dynamic role in striving for victory. It [materialist dialectics] holds that external causes are the condition of change and internal causes are the basis of change, and that external causes become operative through internal causes. “A Talk to the Editorial Staff of the Shansi-Suiyuan Daily” (April 2, I948), Selected Works, Vol. Studying it is not merely a matter of learning terms and phrases but of learning Marxism-Leninism as the science of revolution. “Problems of Strategy in China's Revolutionary War” (December 1936), Selected Works, Vol. “Talks at the Yenan Forum on Literature and Art” (May 1942), Selected Works, Vol. Two types of social contradictions - those between ourselves and the enemy and those among the people themselves confront us. If we have a correct theory but merely prate about it, pigeonhole it and do not put it into practice, then that theory, however good, is of no significance. Every comrade must be helped to understand that as long as we rely on the people, believe firmly in the inexhaustible creative power of the masses and hence trust and identify ourselves with them, we can surmount any difficulty, and no enemy can crush us while we can crush any enemy. Our literary and art workers must accomplish this task and shift their stand; they must gradually move their feet over to the side of the workers, peasants and soldiers, to the side of the proletariat, through the process of going into their very midst and into the thick of practical struggles and through the process of studying Marxism and society. III, p. 158. III, p. 318. IV, p. 418. cultural revolution of our country, analyses the situation at home and abroad and sets forth the fighting tasks hereafter for the whole Party, the whole army and the whole nation. III, p. 265. Leaders must march ahead the movement, not lag behind it. – Mao Zedong, At no time and in no circumstances should a Communist place his personal interests first; he should subordinate them to the interests of the nation and of the masses. 296-97. During this period, the Chairman was depicted as the ‘Great Helmsman’, both an ideological visionary and a political genius. – Mao Zedong, Who are our enemies? “On Coalition Government” (April 24, 1945), Selected Works, Vol. “On Protracted War” (May 1938), Selected Works, Vol. As for the reactionaries in China, it is up to us to organize the people to overthrow them. “Problems of War and Strategy” (November 6, 1938). But this situation is not static; the principal and the non-principal aspects of a contradiction transform themselves into each other and the nature of the thing changes accordingly. – Mao Zedong, I voted for you during your last election. By over-all planning, we mean planning which takes into consideration the interests of the 600 million people of our country. We cannot do it yet. On the Correct Handling of Contradictions Among the People, (February 27, 1957). “The Turning Point in World War II” (October 12, 1942), Selected Works, Vol. “On Contradiction,” (August 1937), Selected Works, Vol. II, p. 152. Letting a hundred flowers blossom and a hundred schools of thought contend is the policy for promoting the progress of the arts and the sciences and a flourishing socialist culture in our land. It also applies to relations with people outside the Party. Marxist philosophy holds that the most important problem does not lie in understanding the laws of the objective world and thus being able to explain it, but in applying the knowledge of these laws actively to change the world. " If in any process there are a number of contradictions, one of them must be the principal contradiction playing the leading and decisive role, while the rest occupy a secondary and subordinate position. First to fall by the wayside were the educators. Consequently, after the victory of the people’s democratic revolution, the state power of the people’s republic under the leadership of the working class must not be weakened but must be strengthened. “Rectify the Party's Style of Work” (February 1, 1942), Selected Works, Vol. They should not be settled in summary fashion. [Our purpose is] to ensure that literature and art fit well into the whole revolutionary machine as a component part, that they operate as powerful weapons for uniting and educating the people and for attacking and destroying the enemy, and that they help the people fight the enemy with one heart and one mind. Inner-Party criticism is a weapon for strengthening the Party organization and increasing its fighting capacity. The contest of strength is not only a contest of military and economic power, but also a contest of human power and morale. Our slogan in training troops is “Officers teach soldiers, soldiers teach officers and soldiers teach each other”. A proper measure of democracy should be put into effect in the army, chiefly by abolishing the feudal practice of bullying and beating and by having officers and men share weal and woe. So, if you want, we can give a few of those to you, some tens of thousands. “Report to the Second Plenary Session of the Seventh Central Committee of the Communist Party of China” (March 5, 1949). “A Circular on the Situation” (March 20, 1948), Selected Works, Vol. 1st pocket ed., pp. Within the ranks of the people, we cannot do without freedom, nor can we do without discipline; we cannot do without democracy, nor can we do without centralism. All our literature and art are for the masses of the people, and in the first place for the workers, peasants and soldiers; they are created for the workers, peasants and soldiers and are for their use. The more cruelty, the more enthusiasm for revolution. This is of great importance in achieving a common language. “On Coalition Government” (April 24, 1945), Selected Works, Vol. “Methods of Work of Party Committees” (March 13, 1949), Selected Works, Vol. This is a question of the first importance for the revolution. I, p. 304. “Talks at the Yenan Forum on Literature and Art” (May 1942), Selected Works, Vol. – Mao Zedong, Communists must always go into the why’s and wherefore’s of anything, use their own heads and carefully think over whether or not it corresponds to reality and is really well founded; on no account should they follow blindly and encourage slavishness. “On Contradiction,” (August 1937), Selected Works, Vol. – Mao Zedong, would elevate the status of Beijing into that of a civilized capital, and make it fit to stage a ‘civilized Olympics’ in 2008. More people mean a greater ferment of ideas, more enthusiasm and more energy. I can understand the Cultural Revolution of Mao Tse-tung. Some former Red Guards – Mao… The transition from New Democracy to socialism also depends mainly upon their alliance. The active function of knowledge manifests itself not only in the active leap from perceptual to rational knowledge, but - and this is more important - it must manifest itself in the leap from rational knowledge to revolutionary practice. Living Revolution | Schools: Quotations on Education from Chairman Mao - China Pictorial 1968.2, p.22 . Over tall chasms will be a calm lake, and if the goddess of these mountains is not dead, she will marvel at the changed world. “Problems of Strategy in China's Revolutionary War” (December 1936), Selected Works, Vol. The army must become one with the people so that they see it as their own army. They are the most eager to learn and the least conservative in their thinking. – Mao Zedong, The People’s democratic dictatorship is based on the alliance of the working class, the peasantry and the urban petty bourgeoisie, and mainly on the alliance of the workers and the peasants, because these two classes comprise 80 to go per cent of China’s population. In all mass movements we must make a basic investigation and analysis of the number of active supporters, opponents and neutrals and must not decide problems subjectively and without basis. If what they say is right, we ought to welcome it, and we should learn from their strong points; if it is wrong, we should let them finish what they are saying and then patiently explain things to them. – Mao Zedong, Kindness in words creates confidence. It, too, is a paper tiger. Between the opposites in a contradiction there is at once unity and struggle, and it is this that impels things to move and change. This is inevitable, beyond all doubt, and under no circumstances must we relax our vigilance. “The Role of the Chinese Communist Party in the National War” (October 1938), Selected Works, Vol. First, it should be pointed out that the danger of ultrademocracy lies in the fact that it damages or even completely wrecks the Party organization and weakens or even completely undermines the Party's fighting capacity, rendering the Party incapable of fulfilling its fighting tasks and thereby causing the defeat of the revolution. II, pp. We stand for self-reliance. To interpret history from this viewpoint is historical materialism; standing in opposition to this viewpoint is historical idealism. IV, Guard against arrogance. Contradictoriness within a thing is the fundamental cause of its development, while its interrelations and interactions with other things are secondary causes. You give up your ability to feel, and in exchange, put on a mask. Intellectuals across the board were then ferociously attacked for a variety of supposed ills, and no area relating to the shaping of public opinion was left untouched. If we insisted on leading the masses to do anything against their will, we would certainly fail. “On Coalition Government” (April 24, 1945), Selected Works, Vol. On the Correct Handling of Contradictions Among the People, (February 27, 1957), 1st pocket ed., pp. Appearing at a gathering at the Yangtze River in May, the 73-year-old Mao swam for several minutes in … Nevertheless, we should do our best to avoid unnecessary sacrifices. “On Contradiction,” (August 1937), Selected Works, Vol. “On Contradiction,” (August 1937), Selected Works, Vol. – Mao Zedong, What we have in excess is women. Of course, the atom bomb is a weapon of mass slaughter, but the people decide the outcome of a war, not by one or two new types of weapon. III, p. 158. In class society, everyone lives as a member of a particular class, and every kind of thinking, without exception, is stamped with the brand of a class. There are difficulties and problems in those places for us to overcome and solve. “Preface and Postscript to Rural Surveys” (March and April 1941), Selected Works, Vol. Quotations from Chairman Mao Tse-tung (simplified Chinese: 毛主席语录; traditional Chinese: 毛主席語錄; pinyin: Máo Zhǔxí Yǔlù) is a book of statements from speeches and writings by Mao Zedong (formerly romanized as Mao Tse-tung), the former Chairman of the Communist Party of China, published from 1964 to about 1976 and widely distributed during the Cultural Revolution. I, p. 108. This site contains information, images, texts, video clips, links on China's Cultural Revolution. To investigate a problem is, indeed, to solve it. (adsbygoogle=window.adsbygoogle||[]).push({}); 167+ Best Thomas Aquinas Quotes: Exclusive Selection, 131+ Best Bette Davis Quotes: Exclusive Selection, 91+ EXCLUSIVE Crazy Quotes: Genius Way To Live, 113+ Famous Pride Quotes: Exclusive Selection, What is financial abuse? II. II, p. 382. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. It was 1985, nine years after the end of the Cultural Revolution. An army without culture is a dull-witted army, and a dull-witted army cannot defeat the enemy. – Mao Zedong, Morality begins at the point of a gun. – Mao Zedong, Classes struggle, some classes triumph, others are eliminated. A revolution is an insurrection, an act of violence by which one class overthrows another. All genuine knowledge originates in direct experience. III, p. 86. They can fertilise the ground. The People's democratic dictatorship is based on the alliance of the working class, the peasantry and the urban petty bourgeoisie, and mainly on the alliance of the workers and the peasants, because these two classes comprise 80 to go per cent of China's population. The fundamental cause of the development of a thing is not external but internal; it lies in the contradictoriness within the thing. III, pp. We hope for foreign aid but cannot be dependent on it; we depend on our own efforts, on the creative power of the whole army and the entire people. This is what “appointing people on their merit” means. II. From a long-term point of view, it is not the reactionaries but the people who are really powerful. For most of those years Mao dominated the realm of decision-making in both domestic and foreign policy. Mao Zedong in front of crowd. Communists must listen attentively to the views of people outside the Party and let them have their say. – Mao Zedong, Imperialism is a paper tiger. We Communists never conceal our political views. People necessarily wield military and economic power. Education in democracy must be carried on within the Party so that members can understand the meaning of democratic life, the meaning of the relationship between democracy and centralism, and the way in which democratic centralism should be put into practice. They waver while the latter stand firm, they equivocate while the latter are forthright. The Cultural Revolution nominally lasted until 1971, but the economic stagnation continued with the continued dividation of the country into Counties and Communes, and cultural stagnancy was continually re-enforced by Mao's wife.

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