This article is more than 4 years old . Thousands upon thousands of martyrs have heroically laid down their lives for the people; let us hold their banner high and march ahead along the path crimson with their blood! The transition from New Democracy to socialism also depends mainly upon their alliance. The physical legacy of the Cultural Revolution remains. I, p. 108. In a suitable temperature an egg changes into a chicken, but no temperature can change a stone into a chicken, because each has a different basis. It is better to let half of the people die so that the other half can eat their fill. II, p. 322. Dikötter contributes to the debate on whether the Cultural Revolution was a maneuver by Mao to purge his enemies within the leadership or a strategy to prevent socialist China from becoming revisionist. We Communists must be able to integrate ourselves with the masses in all things. IV, p. 243. Mao’s top target in the Cultural Revolution was the CCP’s second-highest official, Liu Shaoqi. It was first printed in 1964. We must learn to look at problems all-sidedly, seeing the reverse as well as the obverse side of things. This army has an indomitable spirit and is determined to vanquish all enemies and never to yield. In the mid-1960s Mao launched the Cultural Revolution, a movement to identify and cleanse anti-socialist ideas in academia, art and literature. On the Correct Handling of Contradictions Among the People, (February 27, 1957), 1st pocket ed., pp. 165-66. In order to get rid of the blindness that exists to a serious extent in our Party, we must encourage our comrades to think, to learn the method of analysis and to cultivate the habit of analysis. Where Do Correct ideas Come from?, (May 1963) p. 3. “Serve the People” (September 8, 1941), Selected Works, Vol. It looks terrible, but in fact it isn't. – Mao Zedong, So long as a person who has made mistakes… honestly and sincerely wishes to be cured and to mend his ways, we should welcome him and cure his sickness so that he can become a good comrade. I, pp. All views that overestimate the strength of the enemy and underestimate the strength of the people are wrong. The intellectuals can overcome their shortcomings only in mass struggles over a long period. I, p. 159. That is the attitude we should adopt. IV, p. 419. On the Correct Handling of Contradictions Among the People, (February 27, 1957), 1st pocket ed., p. 12. “Be Concerned with the Well-Being of the Masses, Pay Attention to Methods of Work” (January 27, 1934), Selected Works, Vol. – Mao Zedong, The wealth of society is created by the workers, peasants and working intellectuals. What kind of spirit is this that makes a foreigner selflessly adopt the cause of the Chinese people's liberation as his own? You trade in your sense for an act. Public memory of these events remains fractured in China today. If you want to know the theory and methods of revolution, you must take part in revolution. The other attitude is to use our heads and learn those things that suit our conditions, that is, to absorb whatever experience is useful to us. “The Chinese Revolution and the Chinese Communist Party” (December 1939), Selected Works, Vol. II, p. 224. We should encourage comrades to take the interests of the whole into account. [Our purpose is] to ensure that literature and art fit well into the whole revolutionary machine as a component part, that they operate as powerful weapons for uniting and educating the people and for attacking and destroying the enemy, and that they help the people fight the enemy with one heart and one mind. I, p. 304. On the Correct Handling of Contradictions Among the People, (February 27, 1957). “Some Questions Concerning Methods of Leadership” (June 1, 1943), Selected Works, Vol. IV, Guard against arrogance. – Mao Zedong, The seizure of power by armed force, the settlement of the issue by war, is the central task and the highest form of revolution. “The Role of the Chinese Communist Party in the National War” (October 1938), Selected Works, Vol. As far as our own desire is concerned, we do not want to fight even for a single day. Often, correct knowledge can be arrived at only after many repetitions of the process leading from matter to consciousness and then back to matter, that is, leading from practice to knowledge and then back to practice. III, p. 78. “On Correcting Mistaken Ideas in the Party” (December 1929), Selected Works, Vol. Having grasped this point, a force that is inferior but prepared can often defeat a superior enemy by surprise attack. Our principle is that the Party commands the gun, and the gun must never be allowed to command the Party. At a 1962 Communist Party conference, Liu had earned a … The intellectuals often tend to be subjective and individualistic, impractical in their thinking and irresolute in action until they have thrown themselves heart and soul into mass revolutionary struggles, or made up their minds to serve the interests of the masses and become one with them. “The Foolish Old Man Who Removed the Mountains” (June 11, 1945). – Mao Zedong, Knowledge is a matter of science and no dishonesty or conceit whatsoever is permissible. It is the spirit of internationalism, the spirit of communism, from which every Chinese Communist must learn.... We must unite with the proletariat of all the capitalist countries, with the proletariat of Japan, Britain, the United States, Germany, Italy and all other capitalist countries, before it is possible to overthrow imperialism, to liberate our nation and people, and to liberate the other nations and peoples of the world. “We Must Learn to Do Economic Work” (January 10, 1945). Neither will the Chinese reactionaries nor the aggressive forces of U.S. imperialism in China step down from the stage of history of their own accord. III, p. 235. We should support whatever the enemy opposes and oppose whatever the enemy supports. “A Talk to the Editorial Staff of the Shansi-Suiyuan Daily” (April 2, 1948), Selected Works, Vol. I, p. 313. I, p. 147. On the Correct Handling of Contradictions Among the People, (February 27, 1959), 1st pocket ed., p. 44. The author of the actual national anthem died in a Maoist prison. – Mao Zedong, It will take a long period to decide the issue in the ideological struggle between socialism and capitalism in our country. Definitely and beyond all doubt, our future or maximum program is to carry China forward to socialism and communism. I, p. 179. Ferdinand Marcos. Different forms and styles in art should develop freely and different schools in science should contend freely. III, p. 84. IV, p. 100. These ideas are utterly incompatible with the fighting tasks of the proletariat. On the other hand, if the masses alone are active without a strong leading group to organize their activity properly, such activity cannot be sustained for long, or carried forward in the right direction, or raised to a high level. However, we should all realize that the new system of socialism will unquestionably be consolidated. We should go to the masses and learn from them, synthesize their experience into better, articulated principles and methods, then do propaganda among the masses, and call upon them to put these principles and methods into practice so as to solve their problems and help them achieve liberation and happiness. – Mao Zedong, We Communists must be able to integrate ourselves with the masses in all things. Mao faced internal criticism for the catastrophe that was the Great Leap Forward. III, p. 92. Within the ranks of the people, the contradictions among the working people are non-antagonistic, while those between the exploited and the exploiting classes have a non-antagonistic aspect in addition to an antagonistic aspect. The masses in any given place are generally composed of three parts, the relatively active, the intermediate and the relatively backward. – Mao Zedong, Communism is not love. “A Talk to the Editorial Staff of the Shansi-Suiyuan Daily” (April 2, 1948), Selected Works, Vol. Our difficulties can be overcome because we are new and rising forces and have a bright future. – Mao Zedong, Enable every woman who can work to take her place on the labor front, under the principle of equal pay for equal work. “Report to the Second Plenary Session of the Seventh Central Committee of the Communist Party of China” (March 5, 1949), Selected Works, Vol. In given conditions, a bad thing can lead to good results and a good thing to bad results. – Mao Zedong, There should be celebration rallies when people die… We believe in dialectics, and so we can’t not be in favor of death. The officers should learn from the fighters, and when they have made other people's experience their own, they will become more capable. – Mao Zedong, Complacency is the enemy of study. – Mao Zedong, After the enemies with guns have been wiped out, there will still be enemies without guns; they are bound to struggle desperately against us, and we must never regard these enemies lightly. Anyone, no matter who, may point out our shortcomings. First to fall by the wayside were the educators. “The Tasks of the Chinese Communist Party in the Period of Resistance to Japan” (May 3, 1937), Selected Works, Vol. As for the reactionaries in China, it is up to us to organize the people to overthrow them. “Some Questions Concerning Methods of Leadership” (June 1, 1943), Selected Works, Vol. With these two kinds of armies, and with a fighting army skilled in these two tasks and in mass work, we can overcome our difficulties and defeat Japanese imperialism. “Talks at the Yenan Forum on Literature and Art” (May 1942). Mao, concerned that these work teams were hindering the course of the Cultural Revolution, dispatched Chen Boda, Jiang Qing, Kang Sheng, and others to join the Red Guards and combat the work teams. We will make a stone wall against the upper river to the west and hold back steamy clouds and rain of Wu peaks. It was driven by political radicals, most of them students … On the Correct Handling of Contradictions Among the People, (February 27, 1957), 1st pocket ed., pp. Our People’s armed forces must be maintained and developed with the brave and steeled People’s Liberation Army as their foundation. II, p. 198. If we insisted on leading the masses to do anything against their will, we would certainly fail. It exhorted young cadres to destroy anything regarded as "old" - loosely defined as old ideas, customs, culture, and habits. II, p. 197. Our goal is to make the enemy passive. “Report to the Second Plenary Session of the Seventh Central Committee of the Communist Party of China” (March 5, 1949), Selected Works, Vol. – Mao Zedong, Even though I believe we should promote Chinese medicine, I personally do not believe in it. “On Tactics Against Japanese Imperialism” (December 27, 1935), Selected Works, Vol. It is up to us to organize the people. “On Tactics Against Japanese Imperialism” (December 27, 1935). In the Party organization of the Red Army, however, criticism is not always of this character, and sometimes turns into personal attack. “On the Chungking Negotiations” (October 17, 1945). . – Mao Zedong, Passivity is fatal to us. It looks terrible, but in fact it isn’t. – Mao Zedong, War can only be abolished through war, and in order to get rid of the gun it is necessary to take up the gun. Everything reactionary is the same; if you do not hit it, it will not fall. – Mao Zedong, We Communists are like seeds and the people are like the soil. “Our Study and the Current Situation” (April 12, 1944), Selected Works, Vol. – Mao Zedong, Letting a hundred flowers blossom and a hundred schools of thought contend is the policy for promoting the progress of the arts and the sciences and a flourishing culture in our land. In 1966, Mao launched the Cultural Revolution to mark the beginning of a period of change and renewal. They come from three kinds of social practice: the struggle for production, the class struggle and scientific experiment. Our present task is to strengthen the people’s state apparatus – mainly the people’s army, the people’s police and the people’s courts – in order to consolidate national defense and protect the people’s interests.” – Mao Zedong, After the countrywide victory of the Chinese revolution and the solution of the land problem, two basic contradictions will still exist in China. Communists must listen attentively to the views of people outside the Party and let them have their say. Why? We think that it is harmful to the growth of art and science if administrative measures are used to impose one particular style of art or school of thought and to ban another. https://history.howstuffworks.com/historical-figures/mao-zedong.htm – Mao Zedong, Every Communist working in the mass movements should be a friend of the masses and not a boss over them, an indefatigable teacher and not a bureaucratic politician. Our slogan in training troops is “Officers teach soldiers, soldiers teach officers and soldiers teach each other”. What is required is definitely the reverse – honesty and modesty. At most, people die… Half the population wiped out – this happened quite a few times in Chinese history… It’s best if half the population is left, next best one-third. II, p. 186. Within the ranks of the people, we cannot do without freedom, nor can we do without discipline; we cannot do without democracy, nor can we do without centralism. III, p. 241. For anyone in a leading position, this is a matter of principle and an important condition for maintaining unity. I p. 314. “Talks at the Yenan Forum on Literature and Art” (May 1942), Selected Works, Vol. Work is struggle. We should always use our brains and think everything over carefully. Taken as a whole, the Chinese revolutionary movement led by the Communist Party embraces the two stages, i.e., the democratic and the socialist revolutions, which are two essentially different revolutionary processes, and the second process can be carried through only after the first has been completed. Mao initiated the Cultural Revolution to assert control over the Communist Party, attacking elitism by targeting intellectuals, scholars, cultural figures, and those accused of clinging to traditional ways. The sole purpose of this army is to stand firmly with the Chinese people and to serve them whole-heartedly. If you want to know the taste of a pear, you must change the pear by eating it yourself. Biden's reference to "that old expression" is in fact a well-known proclamation that Mao made to promote women leaving the home amid the Cultural Revolution … “A Circular on the Situation” (March 20, 1948), Selected Works, Vol. “Problems of Strategy in China's Revolutionary War” (December 1936). Revolutionary culture is a powerful revolutionary weapon for the broad masses of the people. – Mao Zedong, The imperialists and domestic reactionaries will certainly not take their defeat Lying down and they will struggle to the last ditch. The contradictions between the enemy and us are antagonistic contradictions. It is a great pro- gramme guiding China's socialist revolution and socialist construc- tion. The cult of Mao intensified during the Cultural Revolution. During the Cultural Revolution, millions of educated youths were sent to rural areas to work in the countryside and learn from the peasantry. Blame for the Cultural Revolution on his death in 1976 was deflected to four people close to him—as blaming Mao himself risked delegitimizing the Communist Party. “Cast Away Illusions, Prepare for Struggle” (August 14, 1949), Selected Works, Vol. A proper measure of democracy should be put into effect in the army, chiefly by abolishing the feudal practice of bullying and beating and by having officers and men share weal and woe. “Serve the People” (September 8, 1944), Selected Works, Vol. Was Hitler not overthrown? “Problems of Strategy in China's Revolutionary War” (December 1936), Selected Works, Vol. II, p. 198. I, p. 119. The only ones who crave war and do not want peace are certain monopoly capitalist groups in a handful of imperialist countries that depend on aggression for their profits. Why? – Mao Zedong, In waking a tiger, use a long stick. It is better to let half of the … First Mao had to overcome political opposition within the hierarchy of the communist party itself and once this was achieved the Cultural Revolution could go ahead unimpeded. Opposition and struggle between ideas of different kinds constantly occur within the Party; this is a reflection within the Party of contradictions between classes and between the new and the old in society. “Address to the Preparatory Committee of the New Political Consultative Conference” (June 15, 1949), Selected Works, Vol. 296-97. III, p. 158. III, p. 228. During the Cultural Revolution, Mao encouraged educated youths to go to rural areas to be "re-educated" by peasants. The intellectuals will accomplish nothing if they fail to integrate themselves with the workers and peasants. “Introducing The Communist” (October 4, 1939), Selected Works, Vol. If this is not sufficiently understood, or is not understood at all, the gravest mistakes will be made and the necessity of waging the struggle in the ideological field will be ignored. Whoever relaxes vigilance will disarm himself politically and land himself in a passive position. Long-distance running is particularly good training in perseverance. This is no good. – Mao Zedong, Long distance running is particularly good training in perseverance. This Marxist-Leninist principle of revolution holds well universally, for China and for all other countries. “On the People's Democratic Dictatorship” (June 30, 1949), Selected Works, Vol. “The Chinese Revolution and the Chinese Communist Party” (December 1939). “Report on an Investigation of the Peasant Movement in Hunan” (March 1927), Selected Works, Vol. “Speech at a Conference of Cadres in the Shansi-Suiyuan Liberated Area” (April 1, 1948). It is sheer fantasy to imagine that the cause of socialism is all plain sailing and easy success, without difficulties and setbacks or the exertion of tremendous efforts. Following on from this, in 1965 Mao started what was known as the “Cultural Revolution” as a major campaign to “rectify” the intellectuals. No one in a leading position is competent to give general guidance to all the units unless he derives concrete experience from particular individuals and events in particular subordinate units. Such is the Marxist theory of knowledge, the dialectical materialist theory of knowledge. According to Lin, "Everything that Mao Zedong says is the truth; every statement he utters is worth 10,000 sentences." 32-33. We must unite with the masses, the more of the masses we unite with, the better. Hence although the mass of revolutionary intellectuals in China can play a vanguard role or serve as a link with the masses, not all of them will remain revolutionaries to the end. II, p. 308. “The Situation and Our Policy After the Victory in the War of Resistance Against Japan” (August 13, 1945). Yes, we do, but not right now. Marxist philosophy holds that the most important problem does not lie in understanding the laws of the objective world and thus being able to explain it, but in applying the knowledge of these laws actively to change the world. " “Revolutionary Forces of the World Unite, Fight Against Imperialist Aggression!” (November 1948). Every Party member, every branch of work, every statement and every action must proceed from the interests of the whole Party; it is absolutely impermissible to violate this principle. But we have the interests of the people and the sufferings of the great majority at heart, and when we die for the people it is a worthy death. Some will drop out of the revolutionary ranks at critical moments and become passive, while a few may even become enemies of the revolution. Inspirational Mao Zedong quotes on youth, cultural revolution, education, power, communism, love, philosophy, and life will broaden your perspective. Contradiction and struggle are universal and absolute, but the methods of resolving contradictions, that is, the forms of struggle, differ according to the differences in the nature of the contradictions. There can't be any large-scale revolution until there's a personal revolution, on an individual level. Even those who have made no serious mistakes and have achieved very great success in their work should not be arrogant. – Mao Zedong, The young people are the most active and vital force in society. In the early 1960s, and during the first phase of the Cultural Revolution, the PLA played a major role in the popularization of the Quotations. If you want to know the theory and methods of revolution, you must take part in revolution. During the Cultural Revolution, Mao would get his wish, and “The East Is Red” took the place of the national anthem. 208-09. IV, p. 161. “Methods of Work of Party Committees” (March 13, 1949). U.S. imperialism has not yet been overthrown and it has the atomic bomb. Therefore, it is our fighting task to train large numbers of new cadres in a planned way. “The Chinese Revolution and the Chinese Communist Party” (December 1939), Selected Works, Vol. IV, p. 220. On this point, there should be no misunderstanding or wavering. IV, p. 301. If you do, you will. People in the countryside were still hungry. The reason is that they are divorced from the people. (LZS) During the Cultural Revolution Chairman Mao claimed: “It is right to rebel”, this directive from the highest instance was set into music to become the rebels’ battle song. IV, p. 361. The stage of action for commanders in a war must be built upon objective possibilities, but on that stage they can direct the performance of many a drama, full of sound and color, power and grandeur. Whoever wants to know a thing has no way of doing so except by coming into contact with it, that is, by living (practicing) in its environment. As for unjust wars, World War I is an instance in which both sides fought for imperialist interests; therefore, the Communists of the whole world firmly opposed that war. – Mao Zedong, would elevate the status of Beijing into that of a civilized capital, and make it fit to stage a ‘civilized Olympics’ in 2008. – Mao Zedong, What is work? The weapon is not a machine-gun, but Marxism-Leninism. In the world today all culture, all literature and art belong to definite classes and are geared to definite political lines. When this characteristic is brought into the Party, i t develops into ultra-democratic ideas politically and organizationally. We go there to work and struggle to overcome these difficulties. I, p. 314. 150 Quotes from Mao Tse Tung Revolutionary Civil War Period 1926-1927 A revolution is not a dinner party, or writing an essay, or painting a picture, or doing embroidery; it cannot be so refined, so leisurely and gentle, so temperate, kind, courteous, restrained and magnanimous. “Rectify the Party's Style of Work” (February 1, 1942), Selected Works, Vol. “A Talk to the Editorial Staff of the Shansi-Suiyuan Daily” (April 2, I948). – Mao Zedong, Changes in society are due chiefly to the development of the internal contradictions in society, that is, the contradiction between the productive forces and the relations of production, the contradiction between classes and the contradiction between the old and the new; it is the development of these contradictions that pushes society forward and gives the impetu6 for the suppression of the old society by the new. As for the reactionaries in China, it is up to us to organize the people to overthrow them. The Mao cult involved a lot of sloganeering that served to bolster the myth surrounding the Chairman and to ascribe super-human qualities to him. – Mao Zedong, Once all struggle is grasped, miracles are possible. IV, p. 378. This is also like sweeping the floor; as a rule, where the broom does not reach, the dust will not vanish of itself. "The Cultural Revolution," the Chinese Communist party wrote just five years after Communist leader Mao Zedong's reign had ended, "was responsible for the most severe setback and the heaviest losses suffered by the party, the state and the people since the founding of the People's Republic.". “Serve the People” (September 8, 1944), Selected Works, Vol. – Mao Zedong, To read too many books is harmful. I, p. 110. – Mao Zedong, We must have faith, first, that the peasant masses are ready to advance step by step along the road of socialism under the leadership of the Party, and second, that the Party is capable of leading the peasants along this road. This should be borne in mind both in the localities and in the army. IV, p. 374. If what he proposes will benefit the people, we will act upon it. Quotations from Chairman Mao Tse-tung (simplified Chinese: 毛主席语录; traditional Chinese: 毛主席語錄; pinyin: Máo Zhǔxí Yǔlù) is a book of statements from speeches and writings by Mao Zedong (formerly romanized as Mao Tse-tung), the former Chairman of the Communist Party of China, published from 1964 to about 1976 and widely distributed during the Cultural Revolution. Look! This is what thinking in terms of the majority means. The commanders and fighters of the entire Chinese People's Liberation Army absolutely must not relax in the least their will to fight; any thinking that relaxes the will to fight and belittles the enemy is wrong. “A Single Spark Can Start a Prairie Fire” (January 5, 1930). Our educational policy must enable everyone who receives an education to develop morally, intellectually and physically and become a worker with both socialist consciousness and culture. Letting a hundred flowers blossom and a hundred schools of thought contend is the policy for promoting the progress of the arts and the sciences and a flourishing socialist culture in our land. We stand for self-reliance. The contest of strength is not only a contest of military and economic power, but also a contest of human power and morale. Without armed struggle neither the proletariat, nor the people, nor the Communist Party would have any standing at all in China and it would be impossible for the revolution to triumph. IV, pp 242-43. “Rectify the Party's Style of Work” (February 1, 1942). Kindness in giving creates love. 330-31. The principal aspect is the one playing the leading role in the contradiction. During the Cultural Revolution. The nature of a thing is determined mainly by the principal aspect of a contradiction, the aspect that has gained the dominant position. In these years [the eighteen years since the founding of the Party] the development, consolidation and bolshevization of our Party have proceeded in the midst of revolutionary wars; without armed struggle the Communist Party would assuredly not be what it is today. II, p. 54. “The Role of the Chinese Communist Party in the National War” (October 1938), Selected Works, Vol. – Mao Zedong, Don’t make a fuss about a world war. “The Role of the Chinese Communist Party in the National War” (October 1938), Selected Works, Vol. “On Contradiction,” (August 1937), Selected Works, Vol. All men must die, but death can vary in its significance. Are they innate in the mind? Fifty years on, one of Mao’s ‘little generals’ exposes horror of the Cultural Revolution. 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